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Which Bankruptcy Option Eliminates All Debt?

September 30th, 2018 at 5:39 pm

debtOne enticing benefit to filing for bankruptcy is the ability to discharge debts, enabling a fresh financial start. The United States bankruptcy code was created to allow honest debtors to free themselves from insurmountable debt; however there are various limitations. Unfortunately, these limitations restrict which debts become eliminated, reduced, or remain the same. Therefore, regardless of whether you file for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy, some outstanding debts are untouchable.

Which Debts Are Eliminated?

Which debts discharge relies heavily on the type of bankruptcy filed by the consumer. Chapter 13 bankruptcy does not eliminate any debt initially, yet restructures the current sums into an affordable repayment plan. This repayment plan typically lasts three to five years, at the end of which any eligible debts are discharged. When you file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, any unsecured loans become eliminated immediately. In some instances, unsecured debts make up all of the financial burdens. These debts include:

  • Credit card debt;
  • Personal loans;
  • Medical bills;
  • Payday loans;
  • Older tax debts;
  • Utility bills; and
  • Second mortgages.

Secured Debts Are Non-dischargeable

Chapter 7 bankruptcy does provide significant relief regarding secured, non-dischargeable debts, aside from freeing up a portion of the budget to make regular payments. Alternatively, Chapter 13 includes all financial liabilities in the repayment plan, including secured loans. Non-dischargeable debts include:

  • Taxes within the last three years;
  • Child support payments;
  • Alimony or spousal support obligations;
  • Student loans;
  • Traffic ticket fines;
  • Criminal restitution; and
  • Secured debt on a home or car you plan to keep.

Contact an Attorney

These guidelines are general statements intended to help you determine if bankruptcy may help your situation. Each consumer bankruptcy case depends on a variety of individual factors. Therefore, if you think bankruptcy is right for you, you should discuss your unique circumstances with a proven Boerne bankruptcy attorney. Contact the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee for a free case review today by calling 210-342-3400. Our experienced team will assess the details of your case and provide honest feedback about the best course of action for your financial future.

 

Sources:

http://www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/bankruptcy

http://www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/bankruptcy/bankruptcy-basics

 

Foreclosure: Will the Bank Take My Home if I Miss a Payment?

September 19th, 2018 at 5:44 pm

Texas bankrutpcy lawyer, Texas chapter 7 attorneyConsumers who struggle to make monthly mortgage payments quickly become overwhelmed with collection calls and letters plaguing the mailbox. Fight or flight instincts immediately kick in, and most people choose to ignore the lender’s collection efforts. Many automatically assume that the bank immediately wants their home and retreat into self-preservation efforts. The truth is, the bank does not want your house. Lenders want you to pay the mortgage, and in most cases, if they can help you make that payment and save your home, they will. If the mortgage lender fails to reach an agreement with the borrower, imminent foreclosure efforts can stay through a bankruptcy filing.

Why Will the Bank Help?

The home you live in belongs to your mortgage lender. When you purchased, they assumed the cost of the home for you with the agreement that you would pay monthly payments until the loan is repaid in full. Until that day, the house belongs to the mortgage company. While they will not typically help someone with no potential benefits for themselves, they also are not in the business of buying and selling real estate either. If lenders must take a house in the foreclosure process, not only do they lose out on the money they would make in your interest payments, they also must pay the legal costs for the foreclosure process and the costs to sell the home, typically for less than the original amount. Lenders ultimately prefer to salvage the mortgage agreement, either by extending the loan or lowering the interest rate. If their borrower fails to communicate, this option is null, and the lender must begin foreclosure proceedings.

Bankruptcy or Foreclosure?

For your lender to recuperate some of their costs, they must have the title “free and clear,” which means they must have possession of the property. You can choose to allow the bank to go through a lengthy foreclosure process or opt to surrender the home through bankruptcy. A foreclosure enables the bank to remove you from your home, sell it for as much as they can make, and still hold you liable for any outstanding balances on the house. Foreclosure does not ensure an end to the collection calls. If you decide to file for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy, both of which enable you to settle your debts often for pennies on the dollar, an automatic stay immediately halts all collection efforts, including from lenders. This momentary pause in a foreclosure process is sometimes all a family needs to earn enough money to save their home. Otherwise, if you do relinquish your home in bankruptcy, any liability is fully released. The bank cannot contact you if they lose money in the sale of the house.

Contact an Experienced Attorney

Attorneys are as unique as the fields in which they specialize. Like you would not hire a foot doctor for brain surgery, hiring a criminal attorney will not guarantee the best results when you face financial struggles. If you are having a hard time making your payments and are concerned about the future of your home, a New Braunfels bankruptcy attorney can help you get the answers you need. The Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee dedicates 20 years of experience to help you achieve financial freedom. Find out how we can assist you today by calling 210-342-3400 to schedule your free initial consultation.

 

Sources:

https://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/63141/real_estate/why_the_bank_does_not_want_your_house.html

https://www.thetruthaboutmortgage.com/foreclosure-help/

 

Lawsuit Highlights the Issues with Debt Settlement Services

August 27th, 2018 at 4:44 pm

Texas bankruptcy lawyerRecently, the Consumer Federal Protection Bureau (CFPB) initiated a lawsuit against the nation’s largest debt settlement services provider, Freedom Debt Relief. According to the claims, this formerly well-regarded company was not telling the truth as far as their fees and the reach of their capabilities. Unfortunately, this is not the first, nor the last debt settlement company openly deceiving clients to earn their trust and boost their profits. These are a few of the top complains that surfacing from the litigation.

Debt Settlement Promises Are Misleading

Clients complain that Freedom Debt Relief led them to believe that all of their debts were negotiable and would settle within months. Unfortunately, debt settlement services do not have the capabilities of stopping collection attempts. Therefore, many clients continued experiencing harassing phone calls, emails, and postal collection attempts, many of which went further into collections or resulted in judgments. Filing for bankruptcy is the only method that places an automatic stay on all collection attempts; meaning, foreclosure, repossession, and harassment all must come to an abrupt stop.

Clients Experienced Deceptive Practices

Many customers claim Freedom Debt Relief verbally agreed that they would negotiate all of their debts; yet, sources show the company had prior knowledge that several companies already refused to consult with their company, regardless of the client. In the debt settlement options, creditors examine each offer on a case-by-case basis and choose whether or not to negotiate. Bankruptcy does not give any creditor the authority to refuse, except on disallowable debts. If your debt is not allowed in the bankruptcy, your attorney will let you know before beginning the filing process.

Freedom Debt Relief Lied About Fees

All debt settlement companies receive payment based on the portion of any amount they convince a creditor to forgive or reduce. One of the significant complaints emerging from the lawsuit was customers realized the company assessed additional fees, including when a creditor voluntarily gave up collection attempts without Freedom’s involvement. Debt settlement services nickel and dime their payments, making it impossible for clients to know how much they should expect to pay the company. Attorney Chance M. McGhee lets each of his clients know how much they can expect to spend, leaving little room for surprises.

Get the Reliable Results You Need

A significant number of bankruptcy filers began by trying debt settlement first. Unfortunately, the complaints are consistent, regardless of their chosen company: the process takes too long and ultimately costs too much. If you decide to file for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you will see results in months, not years. A Schertz, TX bankruptcy attorney will give you honest representation with no hidden surprises. Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee has decades of experience assisting clients through the bankruptcy process and earning them the financial freedom their families needed. Let us earn your trust today. Call us at 210-342-3400 to find out how bankruptcy can benefit your family in a free no-obligation consultation.

Source:

https://www.consumerfinance.gov/about-us/newsroom/cfpb-sues-freedom-debt-relief-misleading-consumers-about-its-debt-settlement-services/

Small Business Bankruptcy in Texas

July 16th, 2018 at 11:52 am

bankruptcyThe modern business world is tough, especially for smaller firms. If your small business has run into serious financial distress, you are far from alone. Right now, it may be time for your company to review its available options, to work towards shedding or restructuring some of that overly burdensome debt. Bankruptcy is one option that is on the table for your company. However, it is certainly not the only option and it is not always the best option. Here, our experienced San Antonio business bankruptcy attorneys offer tips for weighing whether or not it is time for your small business to file for bankruptcy protection.

Know Your Situation, Know Your Finances

When your business is facing financial distress, it is time to take a very hard look at the books. You need to know your finances, your assets, your debts and your projected future revenue like the back of your hand. Indeed, the key to making the best possible decision is knowing the true financial standing of your company. It is imperative that you enter the debt restructuring process with full knowledge and a clear head.

Always Consider Non-Bankruptcy Options First

Filing for business bankruptcy is a big step. It is neither right nor necessary for every financially distressed Texas small business. Our firm focuses on helping businesses find the best available solution for their individual needs. We always carefully consider all available non-bankruptcy options first. Your company may be able to get back on firm, stable financial footing with a less disruptive method, such as debt consolidation or voluntary debt restructuring. If you go down this road, our attorneys can help you negotiate the terms of these agreements.

Make an Honest Assessment

Finally, small business owners will need to make an honest assessment of the state of their business. While bankruptcy is not the appropriate legal tool for every financially distressed company, it is necessary in many cases. Further, waiting too long to file for bankruptcy may result in your business falling into an even bigger financial hole, making it very difficult to restructure and dig yourself out. The bottom line: If your small business is facing serious financial troubles, you need to take action now. The sooner you address the problem, the better off your company will be.

Request Your Free Business Bankruptcy Consultation

At the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee, our passionate San Antonio business bankruptcy attorneys have extensive experience serving the unique needs of small businesses. If your small business is facing significant financial distress, we can help. Please do not hesitate to contact us today to set up a free review of your case.

 

Source:

https://www.thebalance.com/what-is-business-bankruptcy-393017

Managing Your Finances after Bankruptcy

June 29th, 2018 at 8:03 pm

Texas bankruptcy attorneyThink about it: you have already made the mistakes; therefore, you know what to avoid. Bankruptcy tends to make filers better money managers both through experience, as well as through the required courses. Most new clients ask how long it will take to rebuild their credit, followed shortly by the firm statement that they will only ever pay for anything in cash ever again. Bankruptcy is one experience that will help you better manage your finances and empower you to to make better decisions in the future.

Education Requirements

In 2005, Congress passed the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act (BAPCPA) due to their belief that the system was too lenient on those filing for bankruptcy. At that point, they instituted a two-part education program as a requirement to file for bankruptcy. These sessions include:

  • Pre-petition credit counseling which explores all financial relief options to determine if bankruptcy is, in fact, the best option; and
  • Post-petition financial management which occurs before the discharge is finalized and educates clients about how to move forward, budget, manage money, and rebuild credit successfully.

Beyond the Sessions

Most families attending these courses gain essential insights into bankruptcy alternatives, if they qualify, as well as best practices in money management to avoid a recurrence. A few of the most helpful pieces of advice include:

  • Get budget help through financial tracking apps;
  • Start an emergency savings fund instead of an emergency credit card;
  • Live within your means (appropriate house and car size);
  • Eat at home more often than you eat out (this includes coffee and sodas);
  • Cut cable and other unnecessary expenses;
  • Unsubscribe from tempting advertisement emails;
  • Teach kids to be thrifty in spending; and
  • Remember that less is more.

Ask Someone with Experience

Believe it or not, you will begin receiving offers from lenders offering you loans and credit lines shortly after finalizing your bankruptcy. Unfortunately, many people accept these offers for fear that there will be no other offers. Advice to consider is to avoid large loans in the beginning. If you work with small lines of credit and keep them paid on time, eventually better offers will come in. If you have questions about how bankruptcy can help your current situation and your future, a Boerne bankruptcy lawyer can help. At  Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee, we provide cost-efficient and compassionate counsel to individuals, families, and small business owners struggling with a financial crisis. Call us today at 210-342-3400 to schedule a free case review.

 

Sources:

http://www.txs.uscourts.gov/bankruptcy

 

Can You File Bankruptcy Without Your Spouse?

June 15th, 2018 at 6:02 pm

bankruptcyMany people mistakenly believe that if you are married and filing for bankruptcy, you must do so jointly. You have several options after determining that bankruptcy is the right choice. If you are unmarried, you will file independently. If you are married, you may file jointly or as an individual. Both spouses may also choose to file bankruptcy separately, at the same time. Strategically, one option may suit your situation better than the others, depending mainly on location, debts, and assets.

Texas and the Other Community Property States

Texas, along with nine other states, is a community property state. Meaning, any assets or property acquired during marriage belongs equally to both spouses, even if only one spouse’s name is on the contract. The assumption is that all decisions are made together, rather than individually, and both parties are contributing their fair share. Any items owned before the marriage are excluded from the community property, as are any items inherited or given only to one spouse after the union began; this is separate property.

More Property Is at Risk

If you choose to file bankruptcy without your spouse, more property is at risk in community property states than in common law states. In a common law state, only the separate property owned by the filing spouse becomes a part of the bankruptcy estate. In Texas, any community property not covered by exemptions is at risk for seizure. In some cases, filing for bankruptcy together doubles the amount of the exemptions, allowing spouses to keep more items.

The Affected Debts

In a community property state, there, fortunately, is no such thing as community debt. Each spouse has separate obligations for accounts solely in their name, as well as any held jointly. If one spouse files independently, their individual accounts, as well as their joint accounts, are dischargeable. The non-filing spouse experiences what is known as a “phantom discharge” or “community discharge.” Any community property co-owned by both parties becomes off-limits to discharged creditors, including wages. However, because the non-filing spouse did not file, their separate property is unprotected and at risk of seizure to satisfy the debt for joint accounts.

What Is Right for You?

Navigating the avenues of bankruptcy is often confusing and stressful for filers. Attorney Chance M. McGhee has over 20 years of experience assisting clients just like you begin their journey to a better financial future. If you have questions about how to file or wonder about the best option for your situation, a New Braunfels bankruptcy attorney is here to give you the answers you need. At the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee, we are dedicated to helping you through the process. Call us today at 210-342-3400 for your free consultation.

Reversing Real Estate Judgment Liens with Bankruptcy

April 26th, 2018 at 11:40 pm

Texas bankruptcy attorneyCreditors know how to work the system to get the money owed to them. In some cases, creditors have the courts put a lien on debtor’s possessions without the owner’s consent or knowledge, granting the creditor a legal claim over the property. By placing a lien on real estate, a vehicle, or personal property, a creditor secures payment of the money owed, sooner or later.

Buyers will not purchase items without a clear title, and a lien makes any title unclear. Although a creditor has the option to sell the property, such as in foreclosure, most wait until the debtor chooses to sell the property. At that point, seller pays the debt out-of-pocket or uses part of the purchase price to repay the debt. Fortunately, in Chapter 7 bankruptcy, you may be able to avoid the whole ordeal by getting rid of the judgment lien altogether.

Consensual Versus Non-Consensual Liens

Liens are placed on property both with and without consent. If consent is given, it happens at the origination of the creditor-debtor relationship. For example, either the debtor is asking for money to purchase property, such as a home or a vehicle, where the bank would then own the property, and the purchaser makes payments to the financial institution; or the debtor is asking for a financial loan and offers property they already own as collateral.

Alternatively, if someone wins a judgment against another party in court and money is owed, a judge may grant a judgment lien, which frequently happens with unpaid debt. This is an example of a non-consensual lien.

Lien Avoidance

Through judgment lien avoidance, you can permanently remove a judgment lien. If this occurs during bankruptcy, you will own the property, free-and-clear with no other payments. Lien avoidance is recommended, if possible, even if you do not intend to keep the property long-term, as you can then sell the property to pay for other things. To qualify, the following must be true:

  • The lien is a court-issued money judgment;
  • There is exempt equity in part of the property; and
  • Property loss impairs the exemption.

Reduce Courtroom Surprises

Many filers do not realize they have any liens on their property. Others discover partial claims. Sometimes, debtors do not have equity during the bankruptcy filing, but that changes down the road. In all of these circumstances, a New Braunfels, TX bankruptcy attorney can help. If there is a lien on your property and you have little, no, or even negative equity, the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee will explore all of your options. Call us today for your free, no-obligation consultation at 210-342-3400.

 

Sources:

https://study.com/academy/lesson/types-of-liens-equitable-possessable-statutory.html

http://www.landlordstation.com/blog/what-is-a-judgment-lien/

Pay off Debt and Boost Your Credit with the “One-Two Payment Plan”

July 31st, 2015 at 10:56 am

Texas bankruptcy attorney, debt relief, Texas chapter 7 lawyer,Despite the ominous headlines about the national debt, the percentage of American households that have debt has actually decreased in the last decade, according to the National Census. Still, millions of Americans file for bankruptcy each year due to medical bills, lost employment, and other factors.

If you are facing insurmountable debt, then bankruptcy may be a viable option. There are also alternatives to bankruptcy that can help you manage payments and inch toward financial security. This article will discuss one such method, known as the “one-two payment plan.”

Break Down and Prioritize Your Debt

You might be familiar with the phrase “prioritize your debt,” but this can be a somewhat nebulous piece of advice without a thorough understanding of your current financial state. By carefully examining all of your debts and taking note of balances, interest rates, and payment histories, you will be able to identify which debts to pay first. These are usually the ones with the highest interest rates.

Create a Budget for Paying Debt

After identifying which debts to address first, it is time to create a monthly budget for payments. Often, people mistakenly adjust this budget after paying off their highest priority debt. However, it is critical that you maintain this budget until you have paid off all creditors. This not only will help you pay debts faster, but it will also improve your credit score with a steady history of consistent payments.

When in Doubt, Seek Professional Advice

Although the one-two payment plan can make a significant difference in your financial life, debt can be a difficult hurdle to overcome. In many cases, filing for bankruptcy is an intelligent decision that offers debtors a faster path toward financial stability.

If you would like to learn if you are a good candidate for bankruptcy, contact the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee for a free initial consultation. As an experienced San Antonio bankruptcy attorney, Mr. McGhee can evaluate your financial situation and provide valuable guidance. To schedule a consultation, call our office today at 210-342-3400.

Questions to Ask Yourself before Filing for Bankruptcy

July 24th, 2015 at 10:37 am

Texas chapter 7 lawyer, Texas bankruptcy attorney, Texas chapter 13 attorney,Americans make financial decisions every day of their lives, such as where to purchase food and how to save money on basic living expenses. However, few choices have implications that can match the seriousness of filing for bankruptcy.

Choosing to file for bankruptcy is a critical decision, but for millions of debtors, it is the first step toward financial stability. Although an attorney is the best source for guidance in this matter, here are three questions that can help you decide if bankruptcy is a smart option:

What Is My Current Financial Situation?

Your financial situation, which involves your asset value and income, can affect your eligibility for bankruptcy. If your income is too low, then you may not qualify for chapter 13 bankruptcy. If you file for chapter 7, then there is a chance that you would have to sell assets to pay creditors. These are important considerations before you decide to file.

Will Bankruptcy Actually Solve My Problems?

This is another question that may be difficult to answer without the help of an attorney. Each case is unique, so there may be bankruptcy alternatives that could apply to your situation.

Depending on the chapter you file, bankruptcy can resolve a long list of financial issues. First, it can stop harassment from collection agencies, according to Uscourts.gov. If you file for chapter 13, then you will have a structured repayment plan that can help you organize and manage your debt and finances. No matter which chapter you file, bankruptcy can ultimately lead to a life that is free from the stress that comes with insurmountable debt.

What Are My Long-Term Financial Goals?

Filing for bankruptcy does have certain consequences. It may be difficult to acquire a loan for a home, car, or another investment. You also may not have access to credit. As a result, bankruptcy may limit your financial goals. Before filing, it is important to evaluate these goals and determine how bankruptcy will affect them.

If you would like to learn if bankruptcy is a smart option in your situation, contact the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee at 210-342-3400 to schedule a free consultation with an experienced San Antonio bankruptcy attorney.

Strategies to Avoid Credit Card Debt

July 17th, 2015 at 10:13 am

Texas bankruptcy attorney, Texas chapter 7 lawyer, Texas chapter 13 attorney,Credit can be a helpful tool when a person faces unexpected financial hardship, but it is also a major contributor to many Americans’ debts. The convenience of credit and bonus offers from credit card companies motivate many consumers to spend out of their budget.

By understanding how to manage credit cards responsibly, it is possible to avoid the stress and uncertainty that come with insurmountable debt. Read on to learn three strategies to avoid credit card debt.

Keep Diligent Records of What You Spend

Online shopping has made it particularly easy to overindulge with credit cards. People can spend thousands with the click of a few buttons.

According to the Federal Trade Commission, one of the best ways to avoid serious debt from online spending with credit is to keep a record of purchases. This will help you understand how much credit spending is affecting your finances.

Do Not Spend More than Half of Your Credit Card Limit

As a general rule, you should never spend more than half of your credit limit. This will ensure that you have credit available in a financial emergency. It can also prevent compulsive spending.

When Dealing with Debt Collection Efforts, Always Keep a Record

Collection agencies love to harass debtors who have outstanding balances. They often call debtors several times each day to request payments.

Even if you are in collections, it is important to understand that you still have rights. There are laws that limit the strategies collection agencies can use to recover payments. Be sure to keeping a record of your communications with debt collectors to protect your rights.

If outstanding credit card debt has become too much for you to handle, call an experienced San Antonio bankruptcy attorney. At the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee, we can evaluate your situation and create a debt-relief plan. This may involve chapter 7 or 13 bankruptcy, or a bankruptcy alternative. To get started, call our office today at 210-342-3400 for a free initial consultation.

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210-342-3400

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