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Archive for the ‘chapter 13’ tag

What to Expect at a 341 Meeting of Creditors

July 19th, 2019 at 6:49 pm

TX bankruptcy lawyer, TX chapter 7 attorney Once you have made the decision to file for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, prepared and filled out all required paperwork and filed that paperwork, you will have to attend a meeting. This meeting is referred to as a 341 meeting of creditors and will take place at a time, place, and location that is determined by the bankruptcy court and will include your bankruptcy trustee and creditors. This can be a nerve-wracking time for you because the trustee will ask you a series of questions about your application to ensure you are not trying to commit bankruptcy fraud and to discover whether or not you have nonexempt assets that could be sold to repay all or part of your debts.

During the Meeting

Prior to the 341 meeting of creditors, the bankruptcy trustee will have already reviewed your paperwork and financial records. During the meeting, the trustee will ask you a series of questions to gather more information about your case. By federal law, during the meeting, the trustee is required to ensure that you are aware of:

  • The consequences of filing for bankruptcy, such as the impact it will have on your credit history
  • Your ability to file for bankruptcy through different means, such as a Chapter 13 bankruptcy
  • The effect that receiving a discharge of your debts through a Chapter 7 bankruptcy will have
  • The effect of reaffirming a debt

The trustee will also ask you questions about why you are filing for bankruptcy, your monthly income and expenses, assets, debts, marital status and any dependents you might have. They will also want to know about any other financial obligations you may have, such as child support or spousal maintenance. The trustee will want to make sure that you do not have any assets that are not exempt that could be used to repay all or part of your debts. You will also have to attest, under oath, that all of the information that you have provided is true.

A Schertz, TX Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Attorney Can Help

If you are thinking about filing for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, there are certain requirements you must meet and procedures you must take. Help from a knowledgeable New Braunfels, TX Chapter 7 bankruptcy lawyer can be extremely helpful throughout the bankruptcy process. At the Law Office of Chance M. McGhee, we can help you prepare for your creditor meeting and we will also accompany you to the meeting to ensure your rights are protected. Call our office today at 210-342-3400 to schedule a free consultation.

 

Sources:

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/1/341-meeting.asp

https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/11/341

What Not to Do Before Filing for a Texas Bankruptcy

April 26th, 2019 at 2:38 pm

Texas bankruptcy attorneyFor many people who have quite a bit of debt, bankruptcy is the best option. There are two types of bankruptcies that individuals can file for in the United States — Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 bankruptcies. A Chapter 7 bankruptcy is one that discharges most of your debt and leaves you with a blank slate so you can rebuild your finances. A Chapter 13 bankruptcy is basically a reorganization of your debts — you work with your debtors to come up with a repayment plan that works for you. In either of these scenarios, there are certain things that are big no-no’s. It is important that you avoid these common mistakes when filing for a Texas bankruptcy:

Lying or Withholding Information from Your Attorney

Though it may seem beneficial to lie or hide certain assets from your attorney, it is quite the opposite. It is against the law to attempt to hide assets or omit them from your list of assets that you submit to the bankruptcy court. Not only could your bankruptcy case be rejected, but you can also face criminal charges related to bankruptcy fraud.

Acquiring New Debt After You Have Started the Process

In a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, most if not all of your debts are discharged. It may be tempting to take your credit card and go on a shopping spree before you file for bankruptcy, but that is the last thing you should do. Incurring new debt within 90 days of filing for bankruptcy is highly frowned upon and will most likely not be dischargeable in your bankruptcy, meaning you will be responsible for repaying that debt.

Giving Money or Property to Your Friends or Family

Similar to lying about your assets, it is also not a good idea to try to give money or other property to your friends or family before you file for bankruptcy. This is also illegal and can put your bankruptcy case in jeopardy, along with possible criminal charges and repercussions.

Not Hiring a Skilled New Braunfels, TX Bankruptcy Lawyer

The bankruptcy process can be overwhelming for many people — there is a lot of paperwork that must be filed and there are many legalities that must be followed. At the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee, we take the confusion out of bankruptcy and help you avoid making these costly mistakes. Let our knowledgeable Kerrville, TX bankruptcy attorneys guide you throughout the bankruptcy process and lead you on a path to financial wellbeing. Call our office today at 210-342-3400 to set up a free consultation.

 

Sources:

https://www.allbusiness.com/13-mistakes-avoid-filing-chapter-13-bankruptcy-12340-1.html

https://www.myhorizontoday.com/bankruptcy101/five-common-mistakes-debtors-make-when-filing-bankruptcy/

https://www.debt.org/blog/what-not-to-do-before-filing-bankruptcy/

Frequently Asked Questions About Texas Bankruptcy

April 12th, 2019 at 10:11 pm

TX bankruptcy attorneyBeing in debt can often feel like being in quicksand — the more you try to climb your way out, the quicker you sink further. Making the decision to file for bankruptcy is a very serious one and should only be made as a last resort. Because of this, most people who file for bankruptcy are in an overwhelming amount of debt. This can cause much uncertainty and may have you wondering how you should file, which type of bankruptcy is right for you and what your life will look like after your bankruptcy is done. Here are a few frequently asked questions about bankruptcy and their answers:

When Should I File For Bankruptcy?

This is a very personal question and because of that, the answer will never be the same for all people. There is a general rule of thumb when it comes to deciding when you should file for bankruptcy — it should be your last resort. Before you file for bankruptcy, you should try other ways of relieving debt, such as budgeting and consolidating your debt. If you feel that you are drowning in debt, it may be time to consider bankruptcy.

Which Type of Bankruptcy Is Right For Me?

For private consumers, there are two types of bankruptcies that you can apply for: Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 bankruptcies. A Chapter 7 bankruptcy is the most common type of bankruptcy where most of your debt is discharged and you are given a clean slate. A Chapter 13 bankruptcy utilizes a repayment plan to help you pay off your debts, rather than discharging them. The kind of bankruptcy that is best for you depends on a variety of factors — which you should talk to your attorney about.

How Will a Bankruptcy Affect My Credit Score?

It is never known for sure how exactly a bankruptcy will affect your credit score because beginning scores can range. If you have a higher beginning credit score, you will usually lose more points than a person with a lower credit score. Regardless, most people’s credit scores will fall within the same range after a bankruptcy — usually, somewhere within the mid- to high-500 range.

A New Braunfels, TX Bankruptcy Attorney Can Help

Filing for bankruptcy can be a long and confusing process. There are many things you must consider before you file for bankruptcy and there are many questions that come along with the process. This is where a skilled Kerrville bankruptcy lawyer can be extremely helpful. At the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee, we can help answer all of your bankruptcy questions and we can also help you make the best decisions for your situation. Call our office today at 210-342-3400 to schedule a free consultation.

 

Sources:

https://www.bankrate.com/finance/debt/life-after-bankruptcy-1.aspx

https://www.investopedia.com/articles/pf/07/after-bankruptcy.asp

Things You Should Know Before You File for Bankruptcy

March 29th, 2019 at 4:18 pm

bankruptcy-filingMost Americans have some form of debt — mortgages, credit card debt, student loans, auto loans, and personal loans are all part of consumer debt and most Americans have a combination of them. For many people, the debt can be handled through smart budgeting and curbed spending, but some people need to use other measures. Bankruptcy is used when people can no longer pay their debt and offers a way for those in debt to get a fresh start. The decision to file for bankruptcy is a difficult one, especially since bankruptcy laws are so complex. Here are a few things you should know before you file for bankruptcy:

There Is More Than One Kind of Bankruptcy

For individuals, there are two different types of bankruptcies — Chapter 7 and Chapter 13. A Chapter 7 bankruptcy is the type that most people associate the word bankruptcy with. In Chapter 7 bankruptcy, most of your unsecured debts can be discharged, meaning you will no longer be responsible for paying them back. In a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you set up a repayment plan that allows you to repay your debts over three to five years. The kind you choose largely depends on your specific circumstances.

Bankruptcy Is Not Free

Though it may seem counterintuitive, filing for bankruptcy is not free. It can actually become quite expensive. Filing for bankruptcy can cost between a couple of hundred to a couple of thousands of dollars, depending on whether or not you hire an attorney and how much the filing fees end up costing.

Your Credit Will Be Affected

 

Once you have filed for bankruptcy and your case is finished, you will have to begin the process of rebuilding your credit. Getting a bankruptcy does make your credit score drop, but it does not really matter whether or not you go into the bankruptcy with a high or a low credit score. Most people end up around the same score range after they are done with bankruptcies.

A Kerrville, TX Bankruptcy Attorney Can Help

It can be difficult to make the decision to file for bankruptcy. Some people feel like bankruptcy is a failure, but in reality, it can be the best decision some people make. If you are thinking that bankruptcy may be right for you, you need to talk to an experienced New Braunfels, TX bankruptcy lawyer. Understanding what you are getting yourself into before you file for bankruptcy is crucial, which is why the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee are here. We can help you figure out which type of bankruptcy is right for you and the most strategic plan to benefit you. Call our office today at 210-342-3400 to schedule a free consultation.

 

Sources:

https://www.thesimpledollar.com/what-to-expect-when-filing-for-bankruptcy/

https://www.thebalance.com/top-things-to-know-about-bankruptcy-316198

https://www.investopedia.com/articles/pf/07/bankruptcy.asp

https://www.forbes.com/sites/larrymyler/2017/10/03/filing-for-bankruptcy-3-most-important-things-you-need-to-know/#611876127fe6

Exploring Federal and Texas Bankruptcy Exemptions

March 15th, 2019 at 4:27 pm

TX bankruptcy attorneyFor some people, filing for bankruptcy can be a scary thing. In the beginning, you may not know what the future has in store for you and you may wonder which of your possessions you are allowed to keep and which possessions you must give up. Exemptions are an important part of the bankruptcy process. In a bankruptcy case, exemptions are the possessions that you get to keep after you have liquidated your luxury assets to help pay back a portion of your debts. Each state has its own guidelines for what property is exempt during a bankruptcy. In 17 states, including the state of Texas, you are able to choose between state exemption guidelines or federal guidelines, but you must choose one or the other. It is important to understand bankruptcy exemptions because they do differ.

Federal Exemptions

The exemptions that are listed here are the exemption amounts for each individual bankruptcy filer. That means if both you and your spouse are filing for bankruptcy, you can double the amounts. Here is a list of the current federal exemption amounts for each individual filer:

  • Homestead Exemption: Up to $22,675 in equity for a primary residence;
  • Motor Vehicle: $3,775 for one vehicle per filer;
  • Jewelry: Up to $1,600 in jewelry, not including wedding rings;
  • Household Goods: A total of $12,625, but with no item valued more than $600 can be exempted. Household goods include clothing, furniture, appliances, linens, kitchenware, and personal effects;
  • Tools of the Trade: Up to $2,375 for items you use for work;
  • Domestic Maintenance: An amount reasonably necessary for support
  • Social Security, Unemployment, Veteran’s Benefits, Public Assistance, Disability: Exempt without regard to the value;
  • Personal Injury Awards: Up to $23,675, not including pain and suffering or actual pecuniary damages or loss of future earning capacity;
  • Retirement Accounts: Tax exempt retirement accounts are exempt, but IRAs and Roth IRAs are capped at $1,283,025; and
  • Wildcard Exemption: You may also exempt up to $1,250 of any property, plus $11,850 of any unused homestead exemption.

Texas Exemptions

The state exemptions in Texas are slightly different than the federal exemptions. Here is a list of exemptions you receive if you choose to follow state bankruptcy exemptions, rather than federal exemptions:

  • Homestead Exemption: You are permitted to exempt equity in your primary residence as long as that residence does not span more than 10 acres in a city, town or village, or 100 acres elsewhere;
  • Personal Property: If you are single, you can exempt personal property up to $50,000 in value. If you have a spouse, you are permitted to exempt up to $100,000 in personal property;
  • Motor Vehicle: You are allowed to exempt one motor vehicle per household member who has a driver’s license;
  • Pensions and Retirement Accounts: Most tax-exempt pensions and retirement accounts are exempt under Texas law. These can include government employee pensions and retirement accounts, IRAs and Roth IRAs, teacher’s retirement and pension benefits and law enforcement pension and retirement benefits.

Contact a New Braunfels, TX Bankruptcy Attorney Today

Many people who decide to file for bankruptcy do so because it is their last option for debt relief. While filing for bankruptcy can cause you to have to liquidate some of your non-necessary assets, you will not lose everything. At the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee, we understand that filing for bankruptcy can be a hard decision, but we can help you throughout the entire process. Our skilled Boerne bankruptcy lawyers can help you understand the difference between federal and Texas state exemptions and choose the exemptions that would best benefit you. Call our office today at 210-342-3400 to schedule a free consultation.

 

Sources:

https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/11/522

https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Docs/PR/pdf/PR.41.pdf

https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Docs/PR/pdf/PR.42.pdf

What Life Is Really Like After a Texas Bankruptcy

December 21st, 2018 at 6:36 pm

TX bankruptcy lawyer, TX chapter 7 attorney, Coming to the decision that a bankruptcy is your best option was probably not an easy journey. Bankruptcies still tend to have a negative stigma in today’s world, but for some people, it’s the best thing they could have done for themselves. Most people know what goes on when you are filing for bankruptcy and what that means, but what happens after a bankruptcy is often lost in the shuffle. Many people have their ideas of what life after bankruptcy is like, but those ideas are often muddled with unrealistic expectations. What really happens after a bankruptcy can change depending on your situation, but ultimately, your actions have a lot to do with it.

You Might Have to Change Your Lifestyle

The type of bankruptcy that you file for will have a lot of bearing on your lifestyle after you have completed your bankruptcy. In a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you will be required to pay some or all of your debts with a repayment plan over three or five years. This means that you will have less expendable income and will have to devote more of your money to pay off debt. If you filed for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, the majority of your debts will be forgiven, but that does not mean you can take up a frivolous lifestyle. You should be wary of spending too much money on unneeded items at your bankruptcy, no matter the kind.

You Will Probably Have a Hard Time Getting Credit or Loans

To lenders, a bankruptcy signals that they might not get their money back if they lend it to you. After you have gone through a bankruptcy, you will most likely be seen as a high-risk borrower, meaning that many banks and lenders will not even consider loaning money to you. The lenders who do consider allowing you to borrow money will often charge you very high-interest rates in order to make up for the high-risk factor.

You Should Start to Build a Savings Account

Opening and maintaining a savings account is an easy way to begin making your financial picture a healthier one. Even just putting away $5 or $10 a week can make a difference, especially if you have not had a savings account before. Having a little bit of money set aside for emergencies is always a good idea.

Our Boerne Bankruptcy Attorney Can Help Set You Up for Success

Many people come into bankruptcy expecting things to be a certain way after everything is said and done. Like many things, life after bankruptcy is not always what it seems. At the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee, we can help guide you throughout your bankruptcy process. Our experienced New Braunfels bankruptcy lawyers will make sure the decisions you are making are in your best interest and beneficial fpr you. To schedule a free consultation, call our office today at 210-342-3400.

 

Sources:

https://www.bankrate.com/finance/debt/life-after-bankruptcy-1.aspx

https://www.investopedia.com/articles/pf/07/after-bankruptcy.asp

Which Bankruptcy Option Eliminates All Debt?

September 30th, 2018 at 5:39 pm

debtOne enticing benefit to filing for bankruptcy is the ability to discharge debts, enabling a fresh financial start. The United States bankruptcy code was created to allow honest debtors to free themselves from insurmountable debt; however there are various limitations. Unfortunately, these limitations restrict which debts become eliminated, reduced, or remain the same. Therefore, regardless of whether you file for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy, some outstanding debts are untouchable.

Which Debts Are Eliminated?

Which debts discharge relies heavily on the type of bankruptcy filed by the consumer. Chapter 13 bankruptcy does not eliminate any debt initially, yet restructures the current sums into an affordable repayment plan. This repayment plan typically lasts three to five years, at the end of which any eligible debts are discharged. When you file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, any unsecured loans become eliminated immediately. In some instances, unsecured debts make up all of the financial burdens. These debts include:

  • Credit card debt;
  • Personal loans;
  • Medical bills;
  • Payday loans;
  • Older tax debts;
  • Utility bills; and
  • Second mortgages.

Secured Debts Are Non-dischargeable

Chapter 7 bankruptcy does provide significant relief regarding secured, non-dischargeable debts, aside from freeing up a portion of the budget to make regular payments. Alternatively, Chapter 13 includes all financial liabilities in the repayment plan, including secured loans. Non-dischargeable debts include:

  • Taxes within the last three years;
  • Child support payments;
  • Alimony or spousal support obligations;
  • Student loans;
  • Traffic ticket fines;
  • Criminal restitution; and
  • Secured debt on a home or car you plan to keep.

Contact an Attorney

These guidelines are general statements intended to help you determine if bankruptcy may help your situation. Each consumer bankruptcy case depends on a variety of individual factors. Therefore, if you think bankruptcy is right for you, you should discuss your unique circumstances with a proven Boerne bankruptcy attorney. Contact the Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee for a free case review today by calling 210-342-3400. Our experienced team will assess the details of your case and provide honest feedback about the best course of action for your financial future.

 

Sources:

http://www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/bankruptcy

http://www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/bankruptcy/bankruptcy-basics

 

How to Get Back a Repossessed Vehicle

May 25th, 2018 at 9:17 am

repoIn the United States, 170 million consumers depend on a vehicle for daily activities. From trips to the grocery store to a daily commute to work, Americans rely heavily on having independent transportation. Unfortunately, when financial hardship strikes, lenders are quick to repossess their vehicles, even if payments are only one month behind, in some cases. The next part of ur “Surprising Benefits” series explains how filing for bankruptcy can stop a repossession from occurring or even return a repossessed car back to your possession.

If It Is Still in Your Possession

In the state of Texas, repo agents do not need to notify you before taking your vehicle. Realistically, if your payment is in default, even just by a short time, a repossession agency may already be looking for your car, truck, motorcycle, RV, or any other vehicle burdened with a loan. Filing for bankruptcy may be a viable solution to your situation. Bankruptcy places an “automatic stay” is on all collection attempts for all loans, including your vehicle. For many Americans, this stay is enough to catch up on payments, without including it in the bankruptcy process.

After It Is Repossessed

If the car is already repossessed, there is still a possibility of having the vehicle returned; but you must act fast. Lenders work quickly to send the repossessed cars to auction and often have them sold within two weeks. Once the vehicle is sold to a third party, it is too late to have it returned, and you may still owe money to your lender. Typically, the amount the car earns at auction goes toward the original loan balance and the debtor is responsible for the difference, which will include interest and repossession fees. Filing for Chapter 13 bankruptcy stops the sale of the vehicle, renegotiates the terms of the loan over the next three to five years, and returns the car to your possession. A lender may still hold the debtor responsible for the repossession fees. However, many find that preferable to losing the car entirely and still owing.

Ask an Attorney

If your vehicle loan is in default, there is a possibility that you are up for repossession. Depending on the bank and your past payment history, you may have a more extended amount of time, but this is not guaranteed. Stop the guessing game today by contacting a Schertz, TX bankruptcy lawyer. Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee understand how frustrating it is avoiding collection calls and the damaging impact losing a car can have on your career and your ability to put food on the table. Call us at 210-342-3400 today to schedule your free, no-obligation consultation to further explore your vehicle-saving options.

 

Sources:

https://hedgescompany.com/automotive-market-research-statistics/auto-mailing-lists-and-marketing

https://www.citylab.com/transportation/2014/02/9-reasons-us-ended-so-much-more-car-dependent-europe/8226/

Choosing Between Bankruptcy and Foreclosure

May 10th, 2018 at 9:04 am

foreclosureThe decision between filing for bankruptcy or foreclosing on your home is stressful. Neither is optimal when it comes to the immediate financial impact to your credit score, however, neither are late payments. Bankruptcy stays on your credit report for 10 years, while foreclosure typically rolls off in seven years. But, before you give in to losing your home, there are a few details worth considering.

Saving the Home

First, you must decide if you want to save the home. If you are behind by a month or two, contact your lender. The foreclosure process is expensive for banks. In many cases, your lender will work with you. Options to consider include:

  • Make up the late payments;
  • Restructure the loan; or
  • Request a forbearance.

The Foreclosure Option

First, consider that foreclosure is very serious to future mortgage lenders, more than a bankruptcy that did not include the house. Additionally, foreclosure will drop your credit score by 200 or 300 points. Discuss the option of a short sale instead of foreclosure with your lender. With this option, the house is worth less than the principal balance of the loan, in which case, you may owe the remaining balance. In many situations, banks waive this difference. If a short sale is not an option, some banks accept “deed in lieu of foreclosure,” where you turn the house over to the lender and owe nothing. Explore these opportunities with your lender

How Bankruptcy Can Help

There are many options when filing for bankruptcy, each with unique benefits to suit your needs. Because you own a home and have income, Chapter 13 will probably be your best option. Rather than liquidating everything, Chapter 13 allows you to restructure your debt. As soon as you file, an automatic stay is placed on all accounts, effectively stopping all debt collection attempts. The stay also halts foreclosure proceedings, which may help you catch up on payments. Next, all of the creditor and lenders then convene with an appointed trustee to create a payment plan to repay the debt. This option allows you to keep your assets, including your home, and eventually get caught up on your mortgage.

Ask an Attorney

Mortgage lenders and collection agencies send correspondence that is intimidating and overwhelming. The calls and other communication can stop now. You can begin looking forward to a brighter financial future today. Discover if bankruptcy is the right solution for you by calling a New Braunfels, TX bankruptcy attorney. The Law Offices of Chance M. McGhee will take the time to carefully examine the details of your case and give you honest feedback on which bankruptcy option is best for you. Call 210-342-3400 today to schedule your free, no-obligation consult.

 

Sources:

http://www.nbcnews.com/id/21478416/ns/business-answer_desk/t/which-worse-foreclosure-or-bankruptcy/#.WuvfQDGG_IU

http://www.txs.uscourts.gov/node

The Surprising Benefits: A “Preference” Payment to a Relative or Friend

April 9th, 2018 at 7:00 am

A preferential payment to a favored creditor—a relative or friend—can be a problem, but one which usually has a workable solution. 

 

Our last two blog posts have been about one of the more confusing parts of bankruptcy: the law of preferences. This law says that if a creditor takes or receives money from you within the 90 days before you file your bankruptcy case, the creditor may need to pay it back. A creditor would not pay that money to you but rather to your Chapter 7 bankruptcy trustee. The trustee would then pay out that money to creditors based on a priorities schedule in bankruptcy law.

Our last blog post was about how that priority schedule could result in most of that money going to a creditor you need and want to be paid. One example we used was a recent income tax debt. That can’t be discharged (written off) in bankruptcy. So preference law could result in the trustee getting some money back from a creditor you don’t care about to pay the tax debt so you don’t have to.

Preference Payments You DON’T Want Undone

But preference payments don’t just involve creditors you don’t care about. You may well not lose sleep over a trustee forcing a credit card company to return $1,000 it garnished from you on the eve of your bankruptcy filing. But what if you’d paid $1,000 on a personal loan to your brother or grandmother 6 months before filing bankruptcy? You’d promised to pay him or her back as soon as you got your tax refund, for example. So you did pay the $1,000. He or she really needed the money, and you felt huge emotional and ethical pressure to pay it. It was the right thing to do.

But now you hear from your bankruptcy lawyer that a Chapter 7 trustee could force your brother or grandmother to pay back that money. You feel that would be crazy, and wrong. Your brother or grandmother has long ago spent the $1,000 you paid on the loan. It would really be hard on them to now turn around and pay $1,000 to your trustee. In fact maybe one reason you paid off this debt was so that he or she would not be involved in your anticipated bankruptcy case. You may prefer that your relative not find out about you having to file bankruptcy. You can’t think of anything worse than he or she getting a demand from the trustee to pay the $1,000. This prospect may well turn you off about filing bankruptcy altogether.

The Solutions

However, this problem has a number of likely practical solutions. We’ll list them here and give brief explanations. Then next week we’ll expand on them to make sure they make sense.

1. Wait to File Until after the Preference Look-Back Period: With “insiders”—relatives and potentially anybody close to you–the look-back period is a full year before filing. It’s not just 90 days back, as it is with non-insiders. Regardless, especially if you are getting close to a year since your preferential payment, consider waiting long enough to avoid the problem altogether.

2. Persuade Trustee Not to Pursue the Preferential Payment: Your relative or other favored person that you paid may genuinely be unable to pay the $1,000 or whatever you paid. He or she may have no legally reachable income or assets. The trustee won’t want to waste money to pay his or her lawyer to fruitlessly pursue a preferential payment.  

3. Offer to Pay the Trustee a Reduced Amount Yourself: The trustee will usually not care where the preference money comes from—from the relative or other creditor who got your money, or anywhere else. So you could offer to pay that $1,000 or whatever that sum of money yourself. The trustee may even take monthly payments from you. Also, he or she may accept less than the full preference payment amount, subtracting what it would have cost in attorney fees and other costs for him or her to get it from your relative.

4. File a Chapter 13 Case to Prevent Pursuit of the Preferential Payment: Chapter 13 “adjustment of debts” often provides a very good solution. It works particularly if 1) you need to do a Chapter 13 anyway, 2) the preferential payment is large, and/or 3) none of the above solutions will work.

Next Time…

We’ll explain these four in our next blog post. The bottom line until then: a preferential payment to a relative and other favored creditor can be a scary problem, but it’s one that usually has a very sensible practical solution.

Call today for a FREE Consultation

210-342-3400

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